Signs of Physical, Sexual, and Psychological Abuse in Elders

The elderly rely more on others such as their loved ones and caregivers to help take care of them. This brings the potential for abuse as some individuals may mistreat or even take advantage of the elderly. Elder abuse happens when a person harms anyone aged 60 and older.

Signs of Neglect

Neglect takes place when the elderly person’s needs are not attended to. This includes denying them enough food, clothing, and even medications. Generally, it is when the elderly person is not getting the care he or she needs. Even the lack of access to basics such as the best anti aging cream for treating wrinkles can make an elderly person feel like he is neglected.

Elders that are particularly vulnerable to neglect include those who are cognitively disabled. This kind of abuse can also be unintentional especially when the primary caregiver is overwhelmed or not adequately trained. Some of the common signs that your loved one is being neglected include unusual weight loss, bruises, stained diapers, and dirty clothes. It can also include missing eyeglasses and hearing aids.

Signs of Physical abuse

Physical abuse is any act that results in physical harm. It includes kicking, hitting, or even burning an elder. This kind of abuse normally shows up as visible injuries.

Common signs that an elder is going through physical abuse include bruises, burns, pressure marks, broken bones, and unexplained signs of injury. Caregivers should look out for behavioral indicators to uncover whether their loved ones are being subjected to physical abuse.

Signs of Psychological Abuse

Psychological abuse takes place when an elder is abused emotionally. This can happen when the elder is threatened, verbally abused, or overly controlled. Spotting signs of emotional abuse can be quite challenging given that victims may not be in a position to show signs due to disorders or even fear of being neglected.

Nevertheless, you can be on the lookout for signs such as withdrawal and fearful behavior by the elderly, particularly when around the caregivers. Other common signs include tense relationships between the elder and the caregiver or even a caregiver shouting at the elder. People that have been emotionally abused may also have problems sleeping and may tend to lose interest in activities that they enjoyed.

Signs of Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse happens when an elder is forced to have sexual relations with another person. This ranges from inappropriate touching or even forcing the elder to watch pornographic content. Common signs that an elderly has been sexually abused include contracting sexually transmitted diseases, bruises especially around the private parts, difficulties walking or standing, depression, and flirtation from the caregiver.

What to Do If You Suspect Elder Abuse

According to Elizabeth Loewy, former chief of the Elder Abuse Unit in the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office, elder abuse appears on the rise but remains considerably underreported. It is, therefore, important to watch out for any signs of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse in your loved ones.

 If you believe that an elderly person is being neglected or subjected to abuse, it is recommended that you call 911 particularly if he/she is in immediate danger. Otherwise, you can report to the local police department and relay your concerns.

Fast Facts You Should Know About Probiotics

Bacteria can be found everywhere including our body. As we all know, bacteria can be harmful to our health and makes us ill. Did you know for a fact that not all bacteria are bad? There are trillions of good bacteria in our body and these are beneficial to our health. These good bacteria are what they call probiotics.

According to Gasett.se probiotics are live microorganisms that maintain balance in our digestive system. They protect the intestines against harmful bacteria that can cause infection. They can also repair damaged tissue.

With the help of technology, probiotics are now found in a wide variety of food products and supplements. You can find them in yogurt, fermented dairy drinks, pickles, and kimchi. Aside from adults, infants, children, and even your pets at home can benefit from taking probiotics.

10 Interesting Facts about Probiotics

In this section, we have listed down 10 interesting facts about probiotics, including how they work and how they can contribute to your overall well-being.

  1. Probiotics differ in types, strains, species, and the benefits they provide to the body. The Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are the two common probiotics.
  2. Lactobacillus produces lactic acid and maintains a well-balanced intestinal flora. They are prevalent in the small intestine. They can be found on dairy products such as yogurt and cheese.
  3. Bifidobacterium is prevalent in the large intestine and they treat diarrhea, constipation, and other digestive disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis.
  4. Probiotics ward off anemia and produce a huge number of vitamins such as:
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamins B1-B3, B5-B7, B9, and B12
  • Vitamin K
  • Essential fatty acids
  1. Probiotics aid in the digestion, bioavailability, and processing of essential nutrients like:
  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • Zinc
  • Manganese
  • Protein
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Cholesterol
  • Phytonutrients
  1. Probiotics do not only live in the stomach, but they can also be found throughout our body. They can reside in the mouth, the nose, the urinary tract, and even the armpits.
  2. Unknown to all, the appendix releases probiotics to fight certain pathogens. It releases probiotics into the cecum when infection is present.
  3. Probiotics help in decreasing the symptoms of lactose intolerance.
  4. According to a study, probiotics supplements assist our body’s native probiotics strains, however, these supplemental probiotics strain only live in our body for no more than two weeks.
  5. A study conducted in 2004 shows that probiotics aid in increasing infants’ immunity. They have shown a lower frequency of colic after taking probiotics.

Staying healthy should always be our top priority. In general, food and supplements that contain probiotics are good and safe for the body. They help us maintain a healthy immune system. However, the effects of probiotics vary from one person to another.  Also, there are some instances that probiotics might not be a good idea especially if you have a weak immune system.

Before initiating a probiotics plan, young children, pregnant or nursing women, the elderly, and people with serious health conditions should seek help the advice from health professionals first.

Gun Violence: Things You Should Know to Reduce It

There have been many instances of gun violence across the globe. The legalities regarding gun ownership have been an argument for many years. The real issue here is how to lessen the number of deaths due to guns. Recommendations are given below to reduce this kind of violence.

Raise awareness for gun safety

There should be a training required and a more difficult screening for those who wish to own a gun. Proper storage of the gun should be included as well. Gun licenses should be renewed along with a refresher training.

Lessen children’s exposure to guns

Although they mostly do not understand, children absorb whatever they see which includes causing violence with the use of guns. As time passes, they witness gun violence more and more.

Have stricter and tougher laws

It will be a good idea for lawmakers to review all the restrictions regarding guns. Preventing gun violence from getting worse will be useless without anyone being penalized. Moreover, police departments must also do their part in patrolling areas where gun crimes often occur.

Educate the community

Guns are not only utilized in crimes. These weapons can also be used in committing suicide. Therefore, supporters of gun ownership should take the initiative in educating the community about the risks of having it. The more people are familiar with guns, the lesser cases of gun-related death there will be.

“Guns do not kill people, people kill people.”  Thus, proper discipline and awareness about gun ownership are vital to lower the incidences of gun violence.

The Power of Women

Women are often hard on themselves. Although they feel stressed and pressured, they work hard to live up to the society’s expectations to prove their value. Therefore, it is safe to say that they are equipped with the knowledge, skills, and confidence to feel empowered. Here are some definitions that epitomize women empowerment:

Equality

Equality means giving women equal freedom to have their own decisions and take social, legal, educational, professional, and political opportunities. Women should let their voices be heard wherever and whatever position they may be in. Equality means making the world a place for every woman to flourish.

Loving Oneself

Women must importance to themselves and prioritize their needs regardless of the norms, rules, and other people’s opinions. Loving one’s self is a process that cannot happen overnight. It is something that should be done on a daily basis such as telling oneself that it is okay to commit mistakes. Appreciating one’s body image is also part of this process. Instead of loathing, identifying the body image misconception in society should be considered.

Economic and Financial Freedom

Freely establishing an enterprise and giving promotions to women make them financially independent. These feats can benefit the society. The norm that women should stay at home and let their husbands earn for the family is a thing in the past.

Instead of asking, “What will the world be like without women?” it will be better to ask “What will the world be like if women were more involved?” The status and roles of women have definitely gone through a lot of changes.

Domestic Violence: It Has to Stop

Domestic violence brings about devastating effects especially to children. This kind of abuse can haunt them until they become adults. Therefore, it will become a vicious cycle that will be passed from one generation to another.  This can happen to anyone — young or old, rich or poor. Early intervention is the key to prevent domestic violence and abuse.

  • Know the signs if your partner is about to abuse you. Assess the danger that can be inflicted to you or to your children by identifying the degree of force your partner may use. You may also try to use the methods you have tried before to lessen your partner’s anger.
  • Leave to avoid an abusive situation from occurring. Going on a stroll outside your house can help. This may help diffuse your partner’s anger.
  • Create a safe area in your house. This area should be weapon free and there should be an escape. Keep a phone charged in that room so that you can call an emergency hotline immediately when the abuse begins.
  • Let your friends and neighbors know the situation. Give them signs like turning on a certain light to alert them.
  • Educate your children. Tell them not to meddle if you and your partner fight and to go to a safe area whenever it happens. Moreover, you have to explain that violence is never right.
  • If you plan to escape, make a thorough plan on how you will do it, prepare money, and pack your clothes for the escape.

Never try to endure an abusive relationship. Not only will it cause damage to you. It will also affect your children. There are many ways to end it. You just have to be courageous enough to do it. Don’t lose hope.